Component 1: Social Mobilization
This component aims at the fortification of local communities’s social structure, and the community empowerment through building inclusive Institutions for the poor (Partner Organizations) and Institutions of the poor (Community Institutions). The ‘Institutions of the Poor’ works into three tiers namely the (i) First Tier Organizations, (ii) Second Tier Organizations which are formed by clustering community organizations at village level and (iii) Third Tier Level Organizations, which are formed through federating village organizations at a Union Council/appropriate level. PPAFs Partner Organizations are entrusted with the task of building these inclusive institutions of the poor, and enable them to manage their own development, access services through improved linkages to local government, other development programs and markets for sustainable service delivery.
Component 2: Livelihood Enhancement and Protection
The objective of this component is to respond to immediate basic needs of the target population to enhance the productivity and increase in income levels, in order to enhance and safeguard their livelihoods especially in times of inflation, crisis as famine, natural disasters or negative conditions arising from war. As a matter of fact a large percentage of the population lacks even the minimum requirements to access the basic needs (goods & services) of life. Therefore, they need, especially in the early stages of intervention, to sustain their livelihood through grants and subsidies, designed to ensure their survival. Main thrust of the program would be on improving economic conditions in the targeted rural areas. Under this broader objective, provision of trainings, productive assets, facilitation in the development of micro-enterprises and linking them with the markets, lined departments and credit providing institutions (MFIs/ MFBs) would enable the targeted communities to improve their living conditions on sustainable basis. The program will particularly focus on on-farm activities nevertheless non-farm and off-farm sectors would also be supported under the component. The interventions would be flexible enough to cater to peculiar training needs, enterprises and numerous potential opportunities in diverse geographical regions of targeted areas. The program will provide assistance to target communities in the form of assistance for establishing or bringing improvements in their livelihood opportunities, effective backward and forward linkages with the market and through entrepreneurial and skills training programs. The Institutional Development component will provide bedrock for the livelihood interventions while productive infrastructure, education, health, and environment will complement the livelihood program.
Following is the LEP Framework which would also guide implementation of PPR.
Component 3: Construction and Improvement of Small Scale Community Infrastructure
This Component will consist of Capacity building and facilitating local community groups’ productive partnership and linkages with the government line departments, local governments, NGO, projects and other development partners for the provision and O&M of priority infrastructure and utility needs of the community. It will include Civil works related to productive and protective infrastructure as part of integrated rural development for enhancing productivity and income levels. Also, works related to various types of infrastructure projects including innovative and emerging renewable energy technologies, Integrated Water Efficient Irrigation (lWEI), Drought Mitigation and Preparedness Plan (DMPP) and other related interventions which cannot be built through productive partnerships and linkages will be taken into account. Moreover, for the provision of basic infrastructure projects, work will be done on domestic lighting, drinking water supply, roads and bridges, sanitation and other related interventions, which cannot be built through productive partnerships and linkages. This component also involves the Capacity building of communities on planning, and ensures the communities’ involvement during the implementation process. The adoption and compliance of ESMF during the implementation of sub-projects will be an important measure during the process.
Component 4: Establishment of Basic Health & Educational Services
Providing access to education and healthcare services that can achieve the relevant goals around literacy and improved health experiences of communities will require a more detailed situation analysis of the selected UCs followed by revised health and education policies. Strategies and activities will be identified and implemented by the communities to increase enrollments, improve retention and completion rates and enhance learning outcomes in schools. In case of healthcare services strategies will be identified to address issues pertaining to public health with special focus on maternal and child health. The selection of health and education projects to be executed under the program will not be determined at priority from outside; but they will instead emerge from communities demands through the VDP process. The education and health programs of PPAF are undergoing a thorough review and the revised strategies, approaches, objectives and outcomes will guide the implementation of education and health components.